Peyk-i Şevket

Type Torpedo cruiser Hull Steel
Displacement 775 tonnes Engines 2xVTE, 5100ihp, Germania
Length 115.7 m Machinery Steam turbine, 2 shafts
Beam 80 m Speed 18 kts
Draught 2.5 m Complement 145
Armament 2x105mm QF L/40 K, 6x57mm SA L/40 K, 2x37mm QF K, 2xMG H, 3xTT 450mm SK
Peyk-i Şevket

Peyk-i Şevket (meaning "Satellite of God's greatness" in Ottoman Turkish) was constructed by the Germaniawerft shipyard in Germany between 1906 and 1907 for the Ottoman Navy. She was the first of her class, which also included another vessel called Berk-i Satvet. After completion, she was delivered to the Ottoman Navy in November 1907 and underwent sea trials before being officially put into service.

Under the command of Rauf Bey from 1908 to 1911, Peyk-i Şevket took part in various naval exercises, including the first fleet maneuver by the Ottoman Navy in twenty years. When the Italo-Turkish War broke out in September 1911, Peyk-i Şevket was sailing in the Red Sea. On 2 October, she encountered Italian ships near Al Hudaydah, which forced her to seek refuge in a port. The Italian vessels then bombarded the port's dock facilities before leaving. Peyk-i Şevket was later confined to British-controlled Suez for the duration of the war. In March 1913, during the First Balkan War, the ship was sent to the Black Sea to support the Çatalca garrison against Bulgarian attacks.

During the First World War, Peyk-i Şevket played a significant role, especially in the Gallipoli campaign. On 3 August 1914, instead of undergoing planned overhaul in Istanbul, she was loaded with ammunition, fuel, and stores due to escalating tensions caused by the war in Europe. In November of that year, she joined patrols off the Bosphorus with the battlecruiser Yavuz.

Throughout the war, Peyk-i Şevket was involved in escort duties and patrols, frequently encountering enemy submarines. On 22 June 1915, she narrowly avoided being torpedoed by the British submarine E12 in the Sea of Marmara while transporting ammunition to the Ottoman garrison at Çanakkale. About two months later, on 6 August, another British submarine, E11, successfully torpedoed the vessel, causing significant damage. After undergoing repairs, Peyk-i Şevket returned to service by 1917 and continued to serve various roles until the end of the war, including escorting troopships between Istanbul and the Caucasus front. She was decommissioned on 30 October 1918 and laid up in Istanbul following the signing of the Armistice of Mudros.

In 1923, after the Turkish War of Independence and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, the ship was renamed Peyk. Over the years, she underwent modernization, including significant upgrades to her armament and structure. Despite these improvements, she was decommissioned in 1944 and subsequently broken up for scrap between 1953 and 1954 at the Gölcük shipyard.

Peyk-i Şevket during trials in the Kieler Förde in 1907 • Turkish Navy
Peyk-i Şevket in the Sea of Marmara • Admiral Vehbi Ziya Dümer collection
Peyk-i Şevket at İstanbul in summer 1918 • Ahmet Güleryüz collection